X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER Bruker- AXS D8 Advence, Bragg-Brentano method, X ray powder diffraction with radiation source CuKα an SOL X detector in θ–θ vertical geometry. Software: SLEVE + and PDF-4+ database, allows crystalline phase identification and quantification, crystallinity, crystallite size and microdeformations, as well as crystalline structure characterization: Indexing, crystallization system, lattice parameters.
ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER AAS ZEEnit 700, Analytic Jena AG, with modules: flame module to determine the following elements Cu, Co, Cd, Pb, Sb, Zn, Ni, Fe, Cr, Mg, Ca, Na, K, Rb, Li, Sr, Ga, In, Au, Ag, Pt, Pd, Rh, graphite furnace, vapor generator in order to determine the following elements As, Bi, Sb, Se, Sn, Te. Quantitative determination of metals in a wide range of concentrations: from ppb up to tens of %, using several measurement techniques.
THERMAL ANALYSIS EQUIPMENT SETSYS Evolution, Setaram, for DSC-TG analysis. Temperature range: 20°C – 1600°C. Heat flow between 1°/min and 40°/min. Used gases: argon, helium or air. The amount required for an analysis is approximately 20 mg. Alumina crucibles are used.