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National Research & Development Institute for Non-Ferrous and Rare Metals - I M N R




           X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER Bruker- AXS D8 Advence, Bragg-Brentano method, X ray powder diffraction with radiation source CuKα an SOL X detector in θ–θ vertical geometry. Software: SLEVE + and PDF-4+ database, allows crystalline phase identification and quantification, crystallinity, crystallite size and microdeformations, as well as crystalline structure characterization: Indexing, crystallization system, lattice parameters.


           ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER AAS ZEEnit 700, Analytic Jena AG, with modules: flame module to determine the following elements Cu, Co, Cd, Pb, Sb, Zn, Ni, Fe, Cr, Mg, Ca, Na, K, Rb, Li, Sr, Ga, In, Au, Ag, Pt, Pd, Rh, graphite furnace, vapor generator in order to determine the following elements As, Bi, Sb, Se, Sn, Te. Quantitative determination of metals in a wide range of concentrations: from ppb up to tens of %, using several measurement techniques.


           THERMAL ANALYSIS EQUIPMENT SETSYS Evolution, Setaram, for DSC-TG analysis. Temperature range: 20°C – 1600°C. Heat flow between 1°/min and 40°/min. Used gases: argon, helium or air. The amount required for an analysis is approximately 20 mg. Alumina crucibles are used.


         SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE SEM QUANTA 250, with high resolution, fully digitized, produced by FEI Company, incorporated with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometer, produced by EDAX, consisting of ELEMENT Silicon Drift Detector Fixed, Element EDS Analysis Software Suite. The Quanta 250 system, purchased in 2017, is designed to study conductive, non-conductive and/or hydrated samples in their natural state, without additional preparation (metallization).


         OPTICAL MICROSCOPE with polarized light, reflected and transmitted - Axio Imager A1m, produced by Carl Zeiss Microimaging Gmbh, purchased in 2007, equipped with a digital camera for image acquisition and AxioVision Release 4.8.1 dedicated software for image processing.


         MHT-10 MICROHARDNESS TESTER, produced by Anton Paar, with Vickers indenter, purchased in 2007.


    Sample preparation equipment for microscopic study:

         - MECATOME T255/300 CUTTING MACHINE, produced by Presi, purchased in 2007;

         - CAST N’VAC CASTABLE VACUUM SYSTEM, produced by Buehler, purchased in 2007, for powders and delicate samples;

         - SIMPLIMET 1000 AUTOMATIC MOUNTING PRESS, produced by Buehler, purchased in 2007;

         - VECTOR BETA GRINDER – POLISHER MACHINE, produced by Buehler, purchased in 2007.